Software development is a vast field that encompasses various languages and frameworks within itself, the most popular being .Net and C#. When it comes to comparing the two, C# is basically a simple yet modern multi-paradigm object-oriented programming language built within the .Net framework initiative whereas .Net is a type of Microsoft developed framework that mainly consists of runtimes, an extensive set of libraries, and utilities for building applications.
What really sets them apart? If you read on further, this post talks about C# (C sharp) as a programming language and .Net as a framework and then proceeds to map out the key differences between the two technologies enabling you to develop a better understanding of the two by the time you’re done reading.
What is C#?
C# pronounced as C Sharp is a simple, type-safe, object-oriented, modern programming language that runs on the .Net framework.
- The language is ‘simple’ in the sense that it provides a structured approach to break the problem into simpler and smaller parts along with a plethora of library functions, data types, etc.
- It’s ‘type safe’ code can only access the memory location that it has permission to execute, thereby improving security of the program.
- C# is an ‘object-oriented language’. Object-oriented programming is a programming paradigm based on the concept of ‘objects’ that can contain both data and code.
Some of the key characteristics of C# language are mentioned below:
Let’s weigh the Pros and Cons of the language now.
The C # syntax is not only powerful, but it’s also basic and straightforward to understand. Anyone familiar with C, C++, or Java will immediately recognize the syntax of C #. Developers who are familiar with any of these languages can usually get up and running in C # in no time. The C # syntax simplifies many of C’s complexities and provides unique functions not found in Java, such as nullable, enumerated, delegated, lambda expressions, and direct memory access.
C# has standard methods and types, which provide improved security and speed, as well as iterators, which allow gathering class implementers to express specialized iteration behaviors that client applications can use with ease. The highly typed query is a first-class language composition, thanks to the query expressions included in the language (LINQ).
In accumulation to the broad object-oriented ideas, C # supports the construction of software components by various new language constructs, which comprise the following:
- The signatures of enclosed methods called delegates, which enable notifications of events of a secure type.
- Properties, which provide as assessors for private member variables.
- Attributes, which are declarative metadata about the kinds that are available at runtime.
- Online comments on XML documents.
- Language-Integrated Query (LINQ), which is a query language that allows you to query multiple data sources at once.
What is .Net?
What is the.NET framework and what does it do? It is a collection of frameworks and software development tools that enable the production of a wide range of features and services. It comes with a plethora of application models, and the framework’s adaptability has only increased since its inception.
C# is a programming language, as previously stated. .NET, on the other hand, is a free development platform. .NET was established by Microsoft to provide a platform for the creation of various applications. You can also utilize multiple libraries, languages, and editors on the platform. It also allows you to create desktop, online, gaming, and IoT (Internet of Things) apps and software. Some of the components that make up.NET are listed below:
- The.NET framework’s class library
- Net AJAX
- Common Type System
- Common Language Runtime
- Windows foundation for workflow, presentation, and communication.
Despite the fact that there are competing open-source frameworks, many people prefer to use.NET because of the advantages it provides. There will be more to come on that subject later. For the time being, anyone interested in making their own software tools should have a look at what this Microsoft product has to offer first.
There are advantages and disadvantages to using.NET, just as there are to C#:
The.NET Framework is one of the most popular software development frameworks on the market, and it underpins many of the apps we use today. Because of how widespread it is and how extensive the ecosystem has become, it is commonly used by developers. We’ve seen that it’s fairly popular, especially among developers working on huge projects for a variety of platforms, thanks to the fact that it’s open-source.
|Object-oriented programming||Stability issues for new releases|
|Great caching system||It is only compatible with Windows. As a result, the integration’s development environments are constrained.|
|Comes with Visual Studio IDE||On platforms other than Windows, scalability and transaction capabilities are limited.|
|Easy to deploy and maintain||Licensing cost|
|Universal .Net standard|
|Automatic monitoring in ASP.Net|
C# vs .Net: Major Differences
A few more key differences are as follows:
- Checked and unchecked can also be used for granular verification in C#, however this functionality is not available in the case of .Net Framework.
- The coalesce operator in C# may be used to get the first non-null value, whilst nested if operators in .Net can be used to do the same.
- The “Mybase.New” feature is not available in C#, but it is available in the.Net framework and may be used to invoke a specific base class constructor from a derived one.
- Implicit inheritance is a feature that can be achieved in C#, but not in an in.Net framework.
Is C# .Net dying?
Yet another common question among the masses. To answer it, it’s difficult to describe what a fading technology is. Is it because there are fewer occupations that are related? Or is it because there are fewer programmers who use it?
One of the most popular gaming engines Unity uses C# for scripting. Healthcare and insurance businesses prefer C# for their projects.
With Microsoft’s recent open-source push and the advances in .NET Core’s ability to run cross-platform, .NET Core is now the future of .NET. Because .NET Core may now be hosted on a Linux environment, there has been a considerable drop in web hosting prices.
All of this is a very positive indication for C# and .Net. So it’s safe to say that the technologies are far away from dying at this point. There’s still a lot to be explored and developed using the two.
Is C# part of .Net framework?
Is.Net a programming language?
These are some of the most common questions found on the internet regarding the two technologies and I am absolutely sure you will be able to answer those questions confidently now.
So to sum it all up, you know now that C# is a programming language and.NET is a development platform. After weighing a variety of criteria, it can be determined that these are the two most essential languages and frameworks for application development, although each has its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Developers should understand and examine distinct elements of both C# and.Net languages before picking one of them. As a result, either of C# and.Net should be chosen to achieve the intended aim, depending on the type of project, length of work, and other stated factors.
~ Written by Jyoti Rawat