ASP.NET vs. PHP: The Best Framework

ASP.NET vs. PHP: The Best Framework for Web Development In 2021

Every web developer struggles with selecting good software at least once in a while. Some go through the work of experimenting with each software and trying to figure out what works the best for them. A few others, short of time fellas depend on google to direct them to an article/blog written by someone who has carefully tried and tested that software. Either way, you make a decision after spending a lot of your time getting to know the software. This is one of those posts that’ll make your work a whole lot easier.

Although a lot of people use a lot of different frameworks for web development, ASP.NET and PHP have their own fanbase. And choosing between those two can be quite tough, considering the wrong framework for your project can slow down your website or take up a lot of resources. So without further ado, let’s quickly scale all the pros and cons of the two and answer a few of the most essential questions to help you to come to a decision.

Which is better ASP.NET or PHP?

To be honest, we cannot clearly tell you which is better without as much as having a clue about what type of project you need it for. So there is no definite answer to the above question. It totally depends on your project requirements (business and technology aspects) and expectations out of the framework. But we can most definitely shed light on each of their pros and cons and list various factors that you can consider to arrive at an answer yourself. 

Introduction to ASP.NET

ASP.NET is an open-source web framework, created by Microsoft, for building modern web apps and services with .NET. It is cross-platform and runs on Windows, Linux, macOS, and Docker.

ASP.NET extends the .NET platform with tools and libraries specifically for building web apps. Some of the things that ASP.NET adds to the .NET platform are:

  • Base framework for processing web requests in C# or F#
  • Web-page templating syntax, known as Razor, for building dynamic web pages using C#
  • Libraries for common web patterns, such as Model View Controller (MVC)
  • Authentication system that includes libraries, a database, and template pages for handling logins, including multi-factor authentication and external authentication with Google, Twitter, and more.
  • Editor extensions to provide syntax highlighting, code completion, and other functionality specifically for developing web pages.

Advantages And Disadvantages of ASP.NET

Advantages Disadvantages
The .NET framework provides a consistent, object-oriented programming environment.It doesn’t support many platforms like Java.
It is highly scalable and promotes the safe execution of code.It doesn’t support many CMS.
Eliminates the performance problems of scripted or interpreted environments.It does not provide the same JavaScript on the server and client-side which could be easy for coding.
It minimizes software deployment and versioning conflicts.Since the .NET bundle is under Microsoft, any changes or limitations that the company might impose will inevitably impact projects done under the framework. This means that developers will have less control.
A consistent experience for both developers and users across various types of Windows-based and Web-based applications on multiple devices.Only works with Microsoft servers.
Communication built on the industry standards to ensure that code based on the .NET Framework can integrate with any other code.The developer community for support is smaller compared to PHP.
Best platform for enterprise applications

ASP.NET is suitable for

  • Enterprise level websites
  • Enterprise level CRMs
  • ERP Apps
  • Console applications

Introduction to PHP

Hypertext Preprocessor popularly known as PHP, is a general-purpose language geared towards web development and mainly focuses on server-side scripting. It was originally created by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994. The PHP reference implementation is now produced by The PHP Group. It supports small to medium size web solutions. PHP can be embedded into Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML).

Among the major insights of PHP, we should notice the following:

  • PHP is a server side-scripting language embedded with HTML. Developers apply it to manage dynamic content database session tracking and many other tasks.
  • PHP is integrated with multiple databases like MySQL, PostgreSQL, Oracle, Sybase, Informix, and Microsoft SQL Server.
  • POP3, IMAP, and LDAP are few of the major protocols supported by PHP.

Advantages And Disadvantages of PHP

AdvantagesDisadvantage
Highly scalable and can be customized easily.It is not suitable for the development of desktop applications.
It is suitable for huge projects.There is a lack of opportunity to modify core behavior.
Free and open-sourceToo much customization gives rise to bugs.
Easy communication with different databases.Takes time to detect errors.
It is highly customizable.
It is secure and protects websites from security attacks.
It is a good choice for web-based scripts like web content management systems (CMS) as it supports various types of databases.

PHP is suitable for

  • Independable Software Vendors (ISVs)
  • Small or medium business websites
  • Billing/Invoicing websites
  • Startups, CRMs etc.

ASP.NET v/s PHP: Basic differences

CriteriaASP.NETPHP
First ReleaseJanuary 2002November 1997
TypeWeb application frameworkServer-side scripting language
Developer Community60,000+5 million+
Supported byMicrosoftCommunity and Zend Technologies
Type of codeCompiled codeInterpreted code
ScalabilityVerticalHorizontal Scalability
SecurityHuge number of in-built featuresLess efficient in in-built features
CostHigher hosting fees (License cost)Lower maintenance cost (free)
SolutionLarge to medium size organizationsSmall to medium size web solutions
PlatformCross-platformPlatform independent
Market shareDecentHigh
Suitable forApplications where key concerns are security and functionalityApplications where prime focus is on user interfaces
Learning CurveLittle challenging to learnEasy to learn
CustomizationLess prone to customizaionAllows all kinds of customizations

Consider each of the factors listed above and decide for yourself which is better.

ASP.NET v/s PHP: Which is more secure?

Highly secure software is a common requirement for any developer for any sort of development. And both these platforms provide security features to the developers, however ASP.NET has built in security features such as SQL injection. In short, PHP only provides you with the tools such as wrapping each query with mysql >real_escape_string() whereas ASP.NET goes ahead and does it for you. Now this doesn’t mean that PHP is highly unsecure and your apps are vulnerable at all times. PHP does have built-in abstraction layers along with security-oriented libraries that provide various security features. It’s just that ASP.NET is slightly ahead than PHP developers when it comes to security matters.

If you deal with tons of data, ASP.NET is a better option but in case it is a small-size project, PHP is a good match to meet security needs. So to settle which is more secure ASP.NET or PHP, ASP.NET would be the apt choice. The PHP developers are provided with the tools and if they wish they can structure their apps securely.

Is PHP faster than ASP.NET Core?

How to determine if a website you developed is faster than the other? If your answer is that it depends on the programming language you choose to code with, then my friend, you’re highly mistaken. This is a common misconception among people, although they’re not completely wrong but the truth is that the actual speed and performance of a website doesn’t totally depend on the programming language you use for coding, rather it vastly depends on your database, computer, bandwidth, time taken by the browser to respond, speed of communication between servers and so on.

Both ASP.NET Core and PHP are equally equipped with various features that render the developer with a smooth, efficient and faster workflow. There’s no concrete evidence that speaks for any single framework as such. Various big web applications are built using ASP.NET and PHP. So saying one is faster than the other would rather be giving out misconstrued information. Both are equally at par in performance.

ASP.NET v/s PHP for Ecommerce

Building a scalable eCommerce development solutions is not an easy task. Security, user-friendliness, speed, ease of use and update are some of the major factors to be considered. All of this depends upon the technology, framework, languages, APIs, extensions and SDKs leveraged during Ecommerce development.

PHP is highly used for Ecommerce development as it’s compatible with almost all the software and it is easy to craft complex applications with minimum time and efforts. Also, PHP frameworks such as Zend, Laravel, Symfony, CodeIgniter, Yii, CakePHP, etc. provide a host of services that ease the web development and designing.

ASP.NET is also used to develop ecommerce websites as it is more secure and offers optimum performance. But more than 50% of the ecommerce websites today are developed using PHP.

PHP v/s ASP.NET: Which is better for job?

To begin with, both the languages are still in-demand and needless to say, you will certainly have a promising career with a room for growth if you diligently master them. Since both the languages hold a crucial place in the IT field, a lot of enterprises and organizations, big or small, require software solutions built on the two.

If you want to work in an MNC and large enterprises then .NET is a highly sought after language.

Whereas, various small and medium size organizations actively work on PHP. But PHP is not just limited to small organizations various big organizations like Facebook and Yahoo have built their websites using PHP.

.NET is a complete framework and is used for many other things than just building websites. Thus there’s a good hike for the .NET developers in the job market since many organizations use .NET framework along with ASP.NET to develop multiple applications.

When making a career choice always ask yourself “Is this language for me? Do I like to work on this?” If your answer is YES then go ahead. In this ever changing world, software keep on coming and going and you’ll always have to keep up with the trend and update yourself. So based on that learn one or both. You’ll have a successful career in each.

Conclusion

PHP and ASP.NET are both extremely powerful technologies to create impressive websites or web applications but with different benefits. What you choose is up to you, carefully evaluate the choices and then come to a decision. You can always seek an expert opinion from a software consulting service if you’re still in doubt.

There are few things that one language can do that the other can’t so the final decision maker is really a matter of which integrates best with your system and which will meet your requirements.

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